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PSIXPORT: Mobile App for Ecological Momentary Assessment of Psychological Dimensions in Sport Injury
Frontiers In Psychology ( IF 2.067 ) Pub Date : 2021-06-10 , DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.697293
Luis Jesús González Barato, Victor J. Rubio, José Manuel Hernández, Iván Sánchez-Iglesias

Retrospective self-reports have been commonly used to assess psychological variables such as feelings, thoughts, or emotions. Nevertheless, this method presents serious limitations to gather accurate information about variables that change over time. The Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) approach has been used to deal with some of the limitations these retrospective assessment methods present, and for gathering real-time information about dynamic psychological variables, such as feelings, thoughts, or behaviors. In the sports injury rehabilitation context, athletes’ thoughts, feelings, behaviors, and pain perceptions during the rehabilitation process can influence the outcomes of this process. These responses change over different stages of the rehabilitation, and taking them into account can help therapists to adapt the rehabilitation process and increasing their effectiveness. With this aim, an EMA mobile app (PSIXPORT) was designed to gather real-time information about severely injured athletes’ cognitive appraisals, emotional responses, behaviors, and pain perceptions during their rehabilitation process. The goals of this study were to evaluate Psixport’s ability to gather real-time information about injured athletes’ psychological responses during the rehabilitation, to test the users’ perceived usability of Psixport, and to compare the reliability and differences between real-time data gathered with Psixport and the data gathered through the one-time retrospective method. 28 severely injured athletes (10 men and 18 women) were assessed using Psixport, a retrospective questionnaire, and the uMARS usability test. Results showed that Psixport can be considered as a good tool to gather information about injured athletes’ cognitive appraisals, emotional responses, behaviors, and pain perceptions. Moreover, multiple data assessments gathered with the app showed to be more accurate information about injured athletes’ psychological responses than one-time retrospective reports.

中文翻译:

PSIXPORT:用于运动损伤心理维度生态瞬时评估的移动应用程序

回顾性自我报告通常用于评估心理变量,例如感觉、想法或情绪。然而,这种方法在收集有关随时间变化的变量的准确信息方面存在严重的局限性。生态瞬时评估 (EMA) 方法已被用于处理这些回顾性评估方法存在的一些局限性,并用于收集有关动态心理变量(如感觉、思想或行为)的实时信息。在运动损伤康复的背景下,运动员在康复过程中的思想、感受、行为和疼痛感知会影响这个过程的结果。这些反应在康复的不同阶段会发生变化,将它们考虑在内可以帮助治疗师适应康复过程并提高其有效性。为此,EMA 移动应用程序 (PSIXPORT) 旨在收集有关严重受伤运动员在康复过程中的认知评估、情绪反应、行为和疼痛感知的实时信息。本研究的目的是评估 Psixport 在康复期间收集有关受伤运动员心理反应的实时信息的能力,测试用户对 Psixport 的感知可用性,并比较收集到的实时数据之间的可靠性和差异。 Psixport 和通过一次性追溯方法收集的数据。使用 Psixport 回顾性问卷对 28 名严重受伤的运动员(10 名男性和 18 名女性)进行了评估,和 uMARS 可用性测试。结果表明,Psixport 可以被认为是收集有关受伤运动员的认知评估、情绪反应、行为和疼痛感知信息的好工具。此外,通过应用程序收集的多项数据评估表明,与一次性回顾性报告相比,有关受伤运动员心理反应的信息更为准确。
更新日期:2021-06-10
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