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Association Between Mental Imagery and Change of Direction Performance in Young Elite Soccer Players of Different Maturity Status
Frontiers In Psychology ( IF 2.067 ) Pub Date : 2021-05-05 , DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.665508
Dorsaf Sariati, Hassane Zouhal, Raouf Hammami, Cain C. T. Clark, Ammar Nebigh, Mokhtar Chtara, Anthony C. Hackney, Nizar Souissi, Urs Granacher, Omar Ben Ounis

Previous studies have not considered the potential influence of maturity status on the relationship between mental imagery and change of direction (CoD) speed in youth soccer. Accordingly, this cross-sectional study examined the association between mental imagery and CoD performance in young elite soccer players of different maturity status. Forty young male soccer players, aged 10-17 years, were assigned into two groups according to their predicted age at peak height velocity (PHV) (Pre-PHV; n=20 and Post-PHV; n=20). Participants were evaluated on soccer-specific tests of CoD with (CoDBall-15m) and without (CoD-15m) the ball. Participants completed the movement imagery questionnaire (MIQ) with the three- dimensional structure, internal visual imagery (IVI), external visual imagery (EVI), as well as kinesthetic imagery (KI). The Post-PHV players achieved significantly better results than Pre-PHV in EVI (ES=1.58, large; p<0.001), CoD-15m (ES=2.09, very large; p<0.001) and CoDBall-15m (ES=1.60, large; p<0.001). Correlations were significantly different between maturity groups, where, for the pre-PHV group, a negative very large correlation was observed between CoDBall-15m and KI (r=-0.73, p=0.001). For the post-PHV group, large negative correlations were observed between CoD-15m and IVI (r=-0.55, p=0.011), EVI (r=-062, p=0.003) and KI (r=-0.52, p=0.020). A large negative correlation of CoDBall-15m with EVI (r=-0.55, p=0.012) and very large correlation with KI (r=-0.79, p=0.001) were also observed. This study provides evidence of the theoretical and practical use for the CoD tasks stimulus with imagery. We recommend that sport psychology specialists, coaches, and athletes integrated imagery for CoD tasks in pre-pubertal soccer players to further improve CoD related performance.

中文翻译:

不同成熟度青年精英足球运动员心理意象与方向表现变化的关系

以前的研究没有考虑成熟状态对青少年足球心理意象和方向变化 (CoD) 速度之间关系的潜在影响。因此,这项横断面研究检查了不同成熟状态的年轻精英足球运动员的心理意象与 CoD 表现之间的关联。40 名年龄在 10-17 岁之间的年轻男性足球运动员根据他们预测的身高峰值 (PHV) 年龄被分为两组(PHV 前;n=20 和 PHV 后;n=20)。参与者在使用 (CoDall-15m) 和不使用 (CoD-15m) 球的 CoD 足球特定测试中进行了评估。参与者完成了具有三维结构、内部视觉图像(IVI)、外部视觉图像(EVI)以及动觉图像(KI)的运动图像问卷(MIQ)。在 EVI(ES=1.58,大;p<0.001)、CoD-15m(ES=2.09,非常大;p<0.001)和 CoDBall-15m(ES=1.60 ,大;p<0.001)。成熟度组之间的相关性显着不同,其中,对于 PHV 前组,CoDBall-15m 和 KI 之间观察到负的非常大的相关性(r=-0.73,p=0.001)。对于 PHV 后组,在 CoD-15m 和 IVI (r=-0.55, p=0.011)、EVI (r=-062, p=0.003) 和 KI (r=-0.52, p= 0.020)。还观察到 CoDBall-15m 与 EVI 的大负相关(r=-0.55,p=0.012)和与 KI 的非常大的相关(r=-0.79,p=0.001)。这项研究为 CoD 任务刺激与图像的理论和实际用途提供了证据。我们建议运动心理学专家、教练、
更新日期:2021-06-10
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