The Germanic Review: Literature, Culture, Theory Pub Date : 2021-06-10 , DOI: 10.1080/00168890.2021.1897503 Juliane Prade-Weiss
Discourses on the climate crisis and the Anthropocene are shaped by a defect in relationality: by the want of a respondent, that is, by both the will for someone to respond to the discourse and the definite lack of one. The want of a respondent testifies to an interdependence between psychic organization and the shape of the earth, in which the concept of guilt is a key regulator, articulated as economical, juridical, and moral indebtedness. This article discusses the concept of solastalgia to describe the complication of responsiveness that culminates in negotiations of guilt, and analyzes the super-ego, according to Freud the psychical organ that produces the sense of guilt, as linking the human psyche to climate history. The aim of the article is to carve out the temporalities entangled in the concept of guilt, which tends to be comprehended as only backwards-oriented causation, but also comprises obligation, which provides an opening for futurity and transgenerational concern. In order to show this, the article reads the last poem by Droste-Hülshoff (An einem Tag wo feucht der Wind) as renegotiating the metaphysical position that could respond to evocations of guilt.
关于气候危机和人类世的话语是由关系性的缺陷所塑造的：缺乏回应者，也就是说，有人对话语做出回应的意愿和明确缺乏回应者。受访者的匮乏证明了心理组织与地球形状之间的相互依存关系，其中内疚的概念是一个关键的调节器，被表述为经济、法律和道德上的债务。本文讨论了 solastalgia 的概念，以描述以内疚谈判告终的反应性并发症，并根据弗洛伊德的说法，分析超我，即产生内疚感的心理器官，将人类心理与气候历史联系起来。这篇文章的目的是挖掘出纠缠在有罪概念中的时间性，这往往仅被理解为向后的因果关系，但也包含义务，这为未来和跨代关注提供了机会。为了证明这一点，文章朗读了德罗斯特-胡尔肖夫的最后一首诗（一个 einem Tag wo feucht der Wind）作为重新协商可以回应内疚感的形而上学立场。