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Short Shrift to International Non-Refoulement Obligations? Australia’s Approach to Criminal Deportation
International Journal of Refugee Law Pub Date : 2021-04-29 , DOI: 10.1093/ijrl/eeab008
Bostock C, Cabarrús J.

Abstract
Australia’s Migration Act 1958 (Cth) provides for visas that honour Australia’s international non-refoulement obligations; it also provides for visas to be refused or cancelled on criminal grounds, resulting in removal from Australia. In 2014, Australia introduced mandatory visa cancellation for certain criminal non-citizens sentenced to 12 months or more in prison. Coinciding with these changes was the codification of aspects of refugee and human rights law, the severing of references to the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, and the introduction of section 197C in the Migration Act, which provides that non-refoulement obligations are irrelevant when considering the power to remove non-citizens. This article focuses on the interaction between these changes in the law, analysing the application of the complex legal provisions which govern the legal position of those seeking protection or owed international non-refoulement obligations.This analysis identifies a number of unintended consequences that appear to have resulted from these changes. These include risks that Australia’s international non-refoulement obligations may not be adequately considered or safeguarded, resulting in serious consequences for the individual concerned, including the possibility of indefinite detention or refoulement. They also include implications for the rule of law, and uncertainty, delay, and cost in aspects of the system for decision making and review.


中文翻译:

对国际不驱回义务漠不关心?澳大利亚刑事驱逐出境的方法

摘要
澳大利亚 1958 年移民法(联邦)规定了履行澳大利亚国际不驱回义务的签证;它还规定以犯罪为由拒绝或取消签证,导致被驱逐出澳大利亚。2014 年,澳大利亚对某些被判入狱 12 个月或以上的犯罪非公民强制取消签证。与这些变化同时发生的是对难民法和人权法的各个方面进行编纂,不再提及 1951 年关于难民地位的公约,并在移民法中引入了第 197C 条,该条规定不驱回在考虑驱逐非公民的权力时,义务是无关紧要的。本文侧重于这些法律变化之间的相互作用,分析了管理那些寻求保护或负有国际不驱回义务的人的法律地位的复杂法律条款的适用情况。该分析确定了一些似乎已经产生的意外后果这些变化的结果。这些风险包括澳大利亚的国际不驱回义务可能没有得到充分考虑或保障,从而对相关个人造成严重后果,包括无限期拘留或驱回的可能性. 它们还包括对法治的影响,以及决策和审查系统方面的不确定性、延迟和成本。
更新日期:2021-06-10
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