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Epidemiological surveillance and performance assessment: the two roles of health indicators during the COVID-19 pandemic
International Journal of Law in Context Pub Date : 2021-06-10 , DOI: 10.1017/s1744552321000276
Nathan Genicot

The COVID-19 pandemic has given rise to the massive development and use of health indicators. Drawing on the history of international public health and of the management of infectious disease, this paper attempts to show that the normative power acquired by metrics during the pandemic can be understood in light of two rationales: epidemiological surveillance and performance assessment. On the one hand, indicators are established to evaluate and rank countries’ responses to the outbreak; on the other, the evolution of indicators has a direct influence on the content of public health policies. Although quantitative data are an absolute necessity for coping with such disasters, it is critical to bear in mind the inherent partiality and precarity of the information provided by health indicators. Given the growing importance of normative quantitative devices during the pandemic, and assuming that their influence is unlikely to decrease in the future, they call for close scrutiny.



中文翻译:

流行病学监测和绩效评估:健康指标在 COVID-19 大流行期间的两个作用

COVID-19 大流行导致了健康指标的大规模开发和使用。借鉴国际公共卫生和传染病管理的历史,本文试图表明,可以根据流行病学监测和绩效评估两个基本原理来理解大流行期间指标所获得的规范力量。一方面,建立指标来评估和排列各国对疫情的反应;另一方面,指标的演变直接影响公共卫生政策的内容。尽管定量数据是应对此类灾害的绝对必要条件,但必须牢记健康指标提供的信息固有的偏颇性和不稳定性。

更新日期:2021-06-10
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