International Journal of Law in Context Pub Date : 2021-06-10 , DOI: 10.1017/s1744552321000318 John Harrington
The spread of COVID-19 has seen a contest over health governance and sovereignty in Global South states, with a focus on two radically distinct modes: (1) indicators and metrics and (2) securitisation. Indicators have been a vehicle for the government of states through the external imposition and internal self-application of standards and benchmarks. Securitisation refers to the calling-into-being of emergencies in the face of existential threats to the nation. This paper contextualises both historically with reference to the trajectory of Global South states in the decades after decolonisation, which saw the rise and decline of Third-World solidarity and its replacement by neoliberalism and global governance mechanisms in health, as in other sectors. The interaction between these modes and their relative prominence during COVID-19 is studied through a brief case-study of developments in Kenya during the early months of the pandemic. The paper closes with suggestions for further research and a reflection on parallel trends within Global North states.
全球南方 COVID-19 期间的指标、安全和主权
COVID-19 的传播引发了全球南方各州关于卫生治理和主权的竞争，重点是两种截然不同的模式：(1) 指标和指标以及 (2) 证券化。指标一直是政府通过标准和基准的外部强加和内部自我应用的工具。证券化是指在国家面临生存威胁的情况下，紧急事件的产生。本文参考了非殖民化后几十年全球南方国家的历史发展轨迹，见证了第三世界团结的兴衰及其被新自由主义和卫生领域的全球治理机制所取代，就像在其他部门一样。这些模式之间的相互作用及其在 COVID-19 期间的相对突出性通过对大流行最初几个月肯尼亚发展情况的简短案例研究进行了研究。本文最后提出了进一步研究的建议，并对全球北方各州内的平行趋势进行了反思。