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The Invention of an Opera House: The 1844 Teatro Victoria in Valparaiso, Chile
Cambridge Opera Journal Pub Date : 2021-05-20 , DOI: 10.1017/s0954586721000021
José Manuel Izquierdo König

The 1844 Teatro Victoria in Valparaiso, Chile, can be considered the first purpose-built opera house in the Andean region of the Americas. Managed by impresario Pietro Alessandri, it became the centre of an early operatic scene in the South Pacific and a model for theatres built during the following decades. In this article, I discuss the Teatro Victoria as an opera house and the way in which it functioned on the borders of what was then a new global operatic scene. Latin American research on opera has focused mostly on singers and performances, rather than on the workings of the opera houses and the operatic scene. This article discusses the rationale behind the development of the Teatro Victoria project, some of the strategies underpinning its success and the notion of this particular opera house as a projection of certain ideas of ‘Italian culture’ and networks. The article shows, first, that the successful reception and appropriation of Italian opera in this period was not necessarily guaranteed, and it differed across the Americas. Second, that local brokers and host communities had key roles in shaping that reception, which can easily be perceived as a passive one when looked at only from the perspective of the singers or the music itself.



中文翻译:

歌剧院的发明:智利瓦尔帕莱索的1844年维多利亚剧院(Teatro Victoria)

智利瓦尔帕莱索(Valparaiso)的1844年维多利亚剧院(Teatro Victoria)可被认为是美洲安第斯地区第一个专门建造的歌剧院。它是由Impresario Pietro Alessandri管理的,它成为了南太平洋早期歌剧界的中心,并成为随后几十年建造的剧院的典范。在本文中,我将讨论作为剧院的维多利亚剧院(Teatro Victoria)及其在新的全球歌剧界中发挥作用的方式。拉丁美洲对歌剧的研究主要集中在歌手和表演上,而不是歌剧院和歌剧场景的运作上。本文讨论了维多利亚剧院项目发展背后的基本原理,它成功的一些策略以及这个特定歌剧院的概念是对“意大利文化”和网络某些思想的投射。文章首先表明,在这一时期不一定能成功地接受和占用意大利歌剧,而且美洲各地的情况也有所不同。其次,当地经纪人和东道主社区在塑造这种接待方面起着关键作用,仅从歌手或音乐本身的角度来看,很容易将其视为被动的接待。

更新日期:2021-05-20
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