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"Rag Friends": Literacy, Embodiment, and the Talking Letter in Sarah Winnemucca's Life Among the Piutes
College Literature Pub Date : 2021-04-27
Sara Monahan

Abstract:

Early in Sarah Winnemucca’s autobiography, Life Among the Piutes: Their Wrongs and Claims, she refers to a letter her grandfather called his “rag friend.” Her grandfather treats this letter with the reverence of a sacred object or a beloved human friend. This “rag friend” comes to stand for any application of indigenous ways of communal knowing and textuality to the institutional white writing within the text. By focusing on the ways that letters function as relational, embodied text-beings—or fail to function due to the dishonesty of their white authors—within Winnemucca’s autobiography, this essay explores the rapidly adapting ways the Northern Paiute tribe came to cope with the written culture of American settlers. Because of her particular embodiment of Indianness, Winnemucca is able to embody her tribe and their stories (oral or written) in a way inaccessible to white authors. Winnemucca stands for her nation as an actual living-and-speaking text through her writing and lectures— the human embodiment of her grandfather’s “rag friend.” Viewed through the lens of the “rag friend” as a Native reclaiming of white writing, Winnemucca’s career as a writer and lecturer becomes a search for successful active collaborative authorship with the white American print culture of the late nineteenth century.



中文翻译:

“ Rag朋友”:Sarah Winnemucca的《笛子中的生活》中的识字,体现和说话

摘要:

在莎拉·温尼穆卡(Sarah Winnemucca)自传的早期,《笛子中的生活:他们的错误和主张》,她指的是祖父称他为“抹布朋友”的信。她的祖父以崇高的圣物或挚爱的人类朋友来对待这封信。这个“朋友”代表着在文本中的机构白人写作中使用土著人的公共知识和文本方式的任何方式。在Winnemucca的自传中,着重研究了字母充当关系性的,体现文本的事物或由于白人作者的不诚实而无法发挥作用的方式,本文探讨了北paiute部落如何迅速适应适应书面要求的方式。美国移民文化。由于她对印第安人的特殊体现,温尼马卡能够以白人作家无法企及的方式体现她的部落及其故事(口头或书面)。温妮马卡(Winnemucca)通过写作和演讲来代表她的国家,作为真实的生活和演讲文字,这是祖父的“抹布朋友”的人性化身。从“抹布朋友”的角度看,这是对白人写作的一种本土回收。温尼马卡的作家和讲师生涯,是对十九世纪后期美国白人印刷文化成功成功的积极合作创作的追求。

更新日期:2021-04-28
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