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Exotics on Earth in Allen Ginsberg's "Poem in the Form of a Snake That Bites Its Tail"
College Literature Pub Date : 2021-04-27
Sascha Pöhlmann

Abstract:

This essay discusses Allen Ginsberg’s “Poem in the Form of a Snake That Bites Its Tail” (1990) with regard to its combined imagination of biodiversity and human migration, arguing that it sets up a dubious dichotomy between the indigenous and the exotic as it condemns the destructive effects of Western civilization on the global environment. In its explicitly ethical and future-oriented agenda, the poem applies notions of autochthony and intrusion to the habitats of plants, animals, and humans alike, positing an authentic ‘nature’ against corrupting ‘cultural’ forces. It both romanticizes indigenous peoples and at the same time implies that there is such a thing as an autochthonous connection between human identity and their habitat, and its critique of ecological destruction draws on the notion of biological and geographical essentialism that also fuels right-wing politics on migration and multiculturalism, and which considers the exotic simply and exclusively as a threat. At the same time, the poem also transcends its own implied essentialism in redefining the exotic not in terms of territory but of action, and it moves beyond a focus on the local to the global to ponder what it means to be exotic in the irreducible condition of planetary immanence.



中文翻译:

艾伦·金斯伯格(Allen Ginsberg)的《蛇咬尾巴的诗》中的地球奇异物

摘要:

本文讨论了艾伦·金斯伯格(Allen Ginsberg)的《咬尾巴的蛇形式的诗》(1990)关于生物多样性和人类迁徙的综合想象,认为这在谴责土著与异国之间建立了可疑的二分法。西方文明对全球环境的破坏性影响。在其明确的道德和面向未来的议程中,这首诗将自律和入侵的概念应用于植物,动物和人类的栖息地,为抵抗腐败的“文化”力量提出了真实的“性质”。它既使原住民浪漫化,同时也暗示着人类的身份与其居住环境之间存在着一种自发的联系,其对生态破坏的批判借鉴了生物和地理本质论的观念,该观念也推动了有关移民和多元文化主义的右翼政治,并且将异国情调简单地,完全地视为威胁。同时,这首诗还超越了自身的内在本质主义,在重新定义异国情调时,不仅从地域角度,而且从行动角度上重新定义了异域情调,它超越了侧重于本地到全球的范围,以思考在不可还原的条件下异国情调的含义。行星内在性。

更新日期:2021-04-28
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