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The Question of Comparison
American Journal of Comparative Law ( IF 0.839 ) Pub Date : 2021-04-22 , DOI: 10.1093/ajcl/avab003
Petretta I.

Abstract
Comparison is a key component of legal reasoning. We move merrily from like to like within the doctrine of precedent. We invoke comparison whenever we distinguish or apply a case. This Article begins by elucidating how comparison is present in law. The Article shows how law cannot function without comparison, and how the legal world skips over the central role comparison plays in these matters. The Article explores the literature on legal comparison and draws on insights from philosophy, comparative law, and anthropology to better understand comparison in practice. This Article argues that while we are entangled in the questions of sameness and difference, of finding the function and tying together, we are still not asking the question of comparison. What is function and how is it related to comparison? Inspired by James Tully’s writings, the Article explores the aspectival views of the legal world suggested by the different games of comparison. The Article draws on Stephen Mulhall’s work on Wittgenstein’s seeing as, aspect dawning, and aspect blindness to further ask about our relationship to comparison. The Article shows how mainstream comparisons are ontic comparisons that think togetherness through the comparatist. The comparatist steers the belonging together and (un)makes the meaning of all things in mainstream comparison. The argument builds on earlier work by Igor Stramignoni, showing how the Western legal tradition is within a kind of Heideggerian calculative thinking. The Article explores the possibility of other kinds of comparison through Stramignoni’s poetic comparisons. This Article calls on us to slow down our comparisons and begin to question comparison itself.


中文翻译:

比较问题

摘要
比较是法律推理的关键组成部分。我们在先例学说中愉快地从喜欢到喜欢。每当我们区分或应用案例时,我们都会调用比较。本文首先阐明了法律中如何存在比较。这篇文章展示了法律如何在没有比较的情况下发挥作用,以及法律界如何跳过比较在这些问题中的核心作用。本文探讨了有关法律比较的文献,并借鉴了哲学、比较法和人类学的见解,以更好地理解实践中的比较。这篇文章认为,虽然我们纠结于相同与不同,寻找功能和联系在一起的问题,但我们仍然没有提出比较问题。什么是功能,它与比较有何关系?受詹姆斯·塔利 (James Tully) 著作的启发,文章探讨了不同比较游戏所建议的法律世界的方面观点。这篇文章借鉴了斯蒂芬·穆霍尔 (Stephen Mulhall) 在维特根斯坦 (Wittgenstein) 的“视”、“相位黎明”和“相位失明”方面的工作,以进一步询问我们与比较的关系。这篇文章展示了主流比较是如何通过比较主义者来思考统一性的本体比较。比较主义者将归属感统一起来,并(不)使主流比较中的所有事物的含义。该论点建立在伊戈尔·斯特拉米尼奥尼 (Igor Stramignoni) 早期的工作之上,展示了西方法律传统如何处于一种海德格尔式的计算思维之中。文章通过斯特拉米尼奥尼诗意的比较探讨了其他类型比较的可能性。这篇文章呼吁我们放慢比较的速度,开始质疑比较本身。
更新日期:2021-06-10
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