Psychology of Music ( IF 1.712 ) Pub Date : 2021-04-19 , DOI: 10.1177/0305735620987299 Rebecca R Johnston, Gina M Childers
The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of musical pantophagy, classical music consumption, and initial receptivity to select musical examples on changes in preference rating resulting from a program of repeated exposure. Participants included undergraduate students enrolled in a section of music appreciation at a large Southeastern university (n = 67). Data were collected using a research designed preference rating measure (PRM) administered during a 5-week period within which there were eight test measures. Participants were divided into quartiles. Pre- to post-test measures resulted in a general positive trend for all participants. Comparisons of Q1 (lowest pantophagy) and Q3 (highest pantophagy) on PRMs 1–8 yielded no differences between groups, and PRM 8 was significantly different from PRM 1 for both groups. The same comparisons for Q1 (non-Classical music consumption) indicated significant difference with large effect size and for Q1 (lowest initial receptivity) indicated significant difference. Results suggest that regardless of musical pantophagy, repetition is an effective means by which to increase affective response to music, and that students who do not currently consume formal art music and who have low initial receptivity may report greater increases in affective response to music over time.
这项研究的目的是研究音乐泛音学，古典音乐消费和初始接受度的影响，以选择音乐示例对重复暴露程序导致的偏好等级变化的影响。参加者包括在东南一所大型大学（n = 67）。使用研究设计的偏爱等级评定（PRM）收集数据，在5周内进行了八次测试。参与者分为四分位数。测试前到测试后的措施对所有参与者都产生了总体积极的趋势。在PRM 1–8上比较Q1（最低泛吞）和Q3（最高泛吞），两组之间无差异，并且两组的PRM 8与PRM 1均显着不同。对于Q1（非古典音乐消费），相同的比较表明，效果大小较大时存在显着差异；对于Q1（最低的初始接受度），则表明存在显着差异。结果表明，与音乐泛音无关，重复是增加对音乐的情感反应的有效手段，