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Do subjective and objective resilience measures assess unique aspects and what is their relationship to adolescent well‐being?
Psychology in the Schools ( IF 1.134 ) Pub Date : 2021-04-05 , DOI: 10.1002/pits.22517
Peta Sigley‐Taylor, Tan‐Chyuan Chin, Dianne A. Vella‐Brodrick

Measurement of resilience is important within schools to support student mental health and well‐being. Resilience is defined as the healthy integration, adaptation, and positive functioning over time in response to the experience of adversity and challenge. This study explored the relationship between a subjective and objective measure of resilience and the respective predictability of psychophysical well‐being measures. A sample of 282 Year 10 students completed a subjective resilience measure (Connor–Davidson Resilience Scale) and psychological measures of well‐being. A subset of 76 students completed an objective measure of resilience (heart rate variability [HRV]). Correlational analyses revealed no significant relationship between the two measures and do not support the use of one measure as a proxy for the other. Hierarchical regression analyses illustrated the significant predictive quality of the subjective measure to psychophysical well‐being measures. The strongest relationships were reported with EPOCH subscales Optimism (r = 0.68), Happiness (r = 0.64), and Perseverance (r = 0.59). No significant relationships were found between the objective resilience measure and well‐being measures. With objective resilience showing no relationship to subjective resilience and well‐being, it is possible that HRV instead measures the capacity for resilience, rather than resilience. This study highlights the importance of defining resilience and the implications for measurement in adolescent students.

中文翻译:

主观和客观的适应力措施是否评估了独特的方面,它们与青少年的幸福感有什么关系?

在学校中,对复原力的衡量对于支持学生的心理健康和幸福感很重要。抵御能力的定义是随着时间的流逝,健康的整合,适应和积极功能,以应对逆境和挑战。这项研究探索了主观和客观的应变能力与心理生理幸福感的可预测性之间的关系。282名10年级学生的样本完成了一项主观的复原力测量(康纳-戴维森复原力量表)和心理健康的测量。76名学生中的一部分完成了弹性的客观测量(心率变异性[HRV])。相关分析表明,这两种方法之间没有显着的关系,也不支持使用一种方法替代另一种方法。层次回归分析表明,主观衡量指标对心理生理健康衡量指标具有显着的预测质量。与EPOCH分量表Optimism(最强关系)的报道(r  = 0.68),幸福感(r  = 0.64)和毅力(r  = 0.59)。在客观的适应力测度和幸福测度之间没有发现显着的关系。由于客观弹性显示出与主观弹性和幸福感无关,HRV可能会衡量弹性而不是弹性。这项研究强调了定义弹性的重要性以及对青少年学生进行测量的意义。
更新日期:2021-04-06
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