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Legal cynicism, but not depression, mediates the link between adverse environmental factors and youth’s political violence support
Psychology, Crime & Law ( IF 1.193 ) Pub Date : 2021-04-02 , DOI: 10.1080/1068316x.2021.1909022
Sara Jahnke, Tobias Koch, Laura-Romina Goede, Carl Philipp Schröder, Lena Lehmann, Andreas Beelmann

ABSTRACT

The present work tests mediators of the link between adverse environmental factors and political violence support. Specifically, we investigated if depression and legal cynicism can mediate the association between lack of family cohesion, parental violence, and discrimination on one side and political violence support on the other side. Hypotheses were tested on a large and ethnically diverse dataset of German ninth graders, employing multi-group structural equation modeling. For both genders, we find that lack of family cohesion and parental violence were directly and/or indirectly related to political violence support. While legal cynicism mediated the link between lack of family cohesion and parental violence and political violence support, we found no moderating effect of depression in any of the tested models. These findings indicate that adolescents from dysfunctional families and with cynical attitudes towards legal norms may be at risk to endorse political violence. Prevention efforts that enhance family functioning, social-cognitive abilities, and the internalization of legal norms may deter youth from supporting political violence.



中文翻译:

法律的冷嘲热讽而不是抑郁,只是在不利的环境因素与青年人的政治暴力支持之间起着中介作用

摘要

本工作测试了调解员对不利环境因素与政治暴力支持之间的联系。具体而言,我们调查了抑郁症和法律冷嘲热讽是否可以调解一方面缺乏家庭凝聚力,父母暴力和歧视,另一方面又有政治暴力支持之间的联系。使用多组结构方程模型,在德国九年级学生的大型且族裔多样化的数据集上对假设进行了测试。对于男女,我们发现缺乏家庭凝聚力和父母暴力与政治暴力支持直接和/或间接相关。尽管法律冷嘲热讽在缺乏家庭凝聚力与父母暴力和政治暴力支持之间建立了联系,但我们发现,在任何测试的模型中,抑郁症均无缓解作用。这些发现表明,来自功能失调的家庭的青少年以及对法律规范持愤世嫉俗的态度可能有背负政治暴力的风险。增强家庭功能,社会认知能力以及法律规范内在化的预防工作可能会阻止青年人支持政治暴力。

更新日期:2021-04-02
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