Advances in Manufacturing ( IF 2.568 ) Pub Date : 2021-02-22 , DOI: 10.1007/s40436-020-00339-6 Long-Hua Xu, Chuan-Zhen Huang, Jia-Hui Niu, Jun Wang, Han-Lian Liu, Xiao-Dan Wang
During the actual high-speed machining process, it is necessary to reduce the energy consumption and improve the machined surface quality. However, the appropriate prediction models and optimal cutting parameters are difficult to obtain in complex machining environments. Herein, a novel intelligent system is proposed for prediction and optimization. A novel adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (NANFIS) is proposed to predict the energy consumption and surface quality. In the NANFIS model, the membership functions of the inputs are expanded into: membership superior and membership inferior. The membership functions are varied based on the machining theory. The inputs of the NANFIS model are cutting parameters, and the outputs are the machining performances. For optimization, the optimal cutting parameters are obtained using the improved particle swarm optimization (IPSO) algorithm and NANFIS models. Additionally, the IPSO algorithm as a learning algorithm is used to train the NANFIS models. The proposed intelligent system is applied to the high-speed milling process of compacted graphite iron. The experimental results show that the predictions of energy consumption and surface roughness by adopting the NANFIS models are up to 91.2% and 93.4%, respectively. The NANFIS models can predict the energy consumption and surface roughness more accurately compared with other intelligent models. Based on the IPSO algorithm and NANFIS models, the optimal cutting parameters are obtained and validated to reduce both the cutting power and surface roughness and improve the milling efficiency. It is demonstrated that the proposed intelligent system is applicable to actual high-speed milling processes, thereby enabling sustainable and intelligent manufacturing.