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Design Guidelines for Blockchain-Assisted 5G-UAV Networks
IEEE NETWORK ( IF 8.808 ) Pub Date : 2021-02-16 , DOI: 10.1109/mnet.011.2000170
Moayad Aloqaily; Ouns Bouachir; Azzedine Boukerche; Ismaeel Al Ridhawi

Fifth generation (5G) wireless networks are designed to meet various end-user quality of service (QoS) requirements through high data rates (typically of gigabits per second) and low latencies. Coupled with fog and mobile edge computing, 5G can achieve high data rates, enabling complex autonomous smart city services such as the large deployment of self-driving vehicles and large-scale artificial-intelligence-enabled industrial manufacturing. However, to meet the exponentially growing number of connected IoT devices and irregular data and service requests in both low- and high-density locations, the process of enacting traditional cells supported through fixed and costly base stations requires rethought to enable on-demand mobile access points in the form of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) for diversified smart city scenarios. This article envisions a 5G network environment that is supported by blockchain-enabled UAVs to meet dynamic user demands with network access supply. The solution enables decentralized service delivery (drones as a service) and routing to and from end users in a reliable and secure manner. Both public and private blockchains are deployed within the UAVs, supported by fog and cloud computing devices and data centers to provide a wide range of complex authenticated service and data availability. Particular attention is paid to comparing data delivery success rates and message exchange in the proposed solution against traditional UAV-supported cellular networks. Challenges and future research are also discussed with highlights on emerging technologies such as federated learning.

中文翻译:

区块链辅助5G-UAV网络设计指南

第五代(5G)无线网络旨在通过高数据速率(通常为每秒千兆字节)和低延迟来满足各种最终用户服务质量(QoS)要求。结合雾化和移动边缘计算,5G可以实现高数据速率,从而实现复杂的自主智能城市服务,例如大规模部署自动驾驶汽车和大规模支持人工智能的工业制造。但是,为了满足在低密度和高密度位置上连接的物联网设备的数量呈指数级增长以及不规则的数据和服务请求,要求通过固定和昂贵基站支持的传统小区的制定过程需要重新考虑以实现按需移动访问以多种形式的智慧城市场景中的无人机(UAV)形式出现。本文设想了一种5G网络环境,该环境由支持区块链的无人机支持,以通过网络访问供应来满足动态用户需求。该解决方案实现了分散式服务交付(无人机即服务)以及以可靠和安全的方式往返于最终用户的路由。公有和私有区块链均部署在无人机中,并由雾和云计算设备以及数据中心支持,以提供广泛的复杂身份验证服务和数据可用性。特别要注意的是,将提出的解决方案中的数据传输成功率和消息交换与传统的支持无人机的蜂窝网络进行比较。还讨论了挑战和未来研究,重点介绍了联合学习等新兴技术。
更新日期:2021-02-19
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