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Morphology, bedload and sorting process variability in response to lateral confinement: results from physical models of gravel‐bed rivers
Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface ( IF 3.558 ) Pub Date : 2020-10-17 , DOI: 10.1029/2020jf005773
Costanza Carbonari; Alain Recking; Luca Solari

This paper uses flume experiments to investigate the influence of lateral width confinement on channel morphology, sediment sorting, and bedload transport. Three runs of about 60 hours were carried out under constant feeding rate equal to 0.6 l/s and 8 g/s, with a bimodal mixture of natural sediments, a fixed flume slope of 3%, and width imposed by lateral walls from 0.12 to 0.50 m in order to model three different flow confinement configurations. Despite the three runs transporting at the same rate on average, they presented different gravel‐bed river morphologies and different degree of bed complexity. The three runs also presented differences in bedload transport rate fluctuations associated with different magnitude and mechanisms of bed storage and release of sediments. The intermediate width configuration (Run 2) was found to have a minimum storage and release of sediments compared with both the wider configuration (Run 1) and the narrower configuration (Run 3). Run 1 and Run 3 were characterised by a significant storage and release of sediments resulting in a highly fluctuating bedload transport rate; however, while Run 1 (braiding morphology) stored and released sediments through lateral deposits and bed variations with planimetric sorting, Run 3 (single‐thread channel) stored and released sediments through variations in bed elevation accompanied by vertical sorting. We extrapolated this concept to the full set of gravel‐bed river morphologies, thus speculating about the channel morphology for optimal sediment transfer.
更新日期:2020-10-17

 

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