Precambrian Research ( IF 4.427 ) Pub Date : 2020-10-17 , DOI: 10.1016/j.precamres.2020.105965 Wentao Cao; Hans-Joachim Massonne; Xiao Liang
Characterizing partial melting of eclogite in Precambrian orogens is critical to understanding the petrological processes that operate in the deep orogenic crust. Retrogressed eclogite from the Algonquin terrane in the western Grenville Province, Canada, was taken as an example to study such processes. The studied samples contained the assemblage of garnet, omphacite, amphibole, phengite, biotite, and rutile at peak pressure. Various exhumation- and melt-related textures formed show evidence for a complex post-peak pressure history. Rutile is only found in the core of garnet, whereas ilmenite-bearing assemblages predominate in the garnet rim and the matrix. Symplectite of diopside + plagioclase + amphibole replaced former omphacite. Symplectite of amphibole and plagioclase formed as a corona around garnet. Polymineralic inclusions of plagioclase + K-feldspar ± ilmenite ± biotite ± amphibole ± apatite ± sulfides in garnet crystallized from melt, which was captured during garnet growth and reacted with the host. Cusps of plagioclase into the boundaries of other phases (e.g. garnet and clinopyroxene) mimic the original melt-solid interface. Neoblasts of garnet with euhedral crystal faces were formed as a peritectic phase during eclogite melting. Leucocratic veins without external connection, present in the sampled mafic pod at outcrop scale, are interpreted as crystallized pockets of melt which derived internally. Pseudosection modeling of the studied samples along with compositional isopleths of chemically zoned garnet yielded an exhumation path from 1.7 ± 0.1 GPa, 680 ± 50 °C to 1.3 ± 0.1 GPa, 920 ± 50 °C. Along this path, the modal content of melt increased in response to the breakdown of phengite and amphibole along with involvement of omphacite and rutile. The melt crystallized during cooling and equilibrated at 0.6–0.8 GPa, 710–750 °C, estimated using empirical thermobarometry. This study shows that metabasite from Proterozoic collisional orogens can be partially melted on the exhumation and heating path through phengite- and amphibole-dehydration melting.