Journal of Hazardous Materials ( IF 9.038 ) Pub Date : 2020-10-16 , DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.124115 Yongji Huang; Qiang Zeng; Liang Hu; Daoling Xiong; Hui Zhong; Zhiguo He
In this study, the performances of Sporosarcina saromensis W5 assisted bio-permeable reactive barrier, containing activated carbon (AC) or zero-valent iron (ZVI), were investigated by column experiments in removal of Cr(Ⅵ) from simulated groundwater. The enhanced Cr(Ⅵ) removal performances were observed in biotic columns. Cr(Ⅵ) was first detected in efﬂuent on day 24 and day 85 in Bio-AC and Bio-ZVI columns, respectively whereas it breakthrough only on day 4 and day 15 in AC and ZVI columns. Additionally, Cr(Ⅵ) removal performances induced by biofilm in Bio-QZ columns were promoted with the increase of influent Cr(Ⅵ) concentrations. According to fluorescent images, activated carbon was found to be the best biofilm carrier. Fe0 may not be suitable for microbial colonization because biofilm depolymerization occurred on Fe0 surface. Moreover, high concentration of Cr(Ⅵ) would lag the evolution of biofilm. Magnetite generating was found on the Fe0 surface. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis indicated that the removal mechanism of Cr(Ⅵ) in biotic columns was biotransformation of Cr(Ⅵ) to Cr(Ш) species. Our results may provide a new insight in Cr(Ⅵ) in-situ remediation from groundwater by Bio-PRB system.