Engineering ( IF 6.495 ) Pub Date : 2020-10-17 , DOI: 10.1016/j.eng.2020.06.021 Longjun Dong; Xiaojie Tong; Ju Ma
The detection of abnormal regions in complex structures is one of the most challenging targets for underground space engineering. Natural or artificial geologic variations reduce the effectiveness of conventional exploration methods. With the emergence of real-time monitoring, seismic wave velocity tomography allows the detection and imaging of abnormal regions to be accurate, intuitive, and quantitative. Since tomographic results are affected by multiple factors in practical small-scale applications, it is necessary to quantitatively investigate those influences. We adopted an improved three-dimensional (3D) tomography method combining passive acoustic emission acquisition and active ultrasonic measurements. By varying individual parameters (i.e., prior model, sensor configuration, ray coverage, event distributions, and event location errors), 37 comparative tests were conducted. The quantitative impact of different factors was obtained. Synthetic experiments showed that the method could effectively adapt to complex structures. The optimal input parameters based on quantization results can significantly improve the detection reliability in abnormal regions.