Chemosphere ( IF 5.778 ) Pub Date : 2020-10-16 , DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.128639 Yitong Zhu; Jiaolong Qin; Shuqi Zhang; Adi Radian; Mingce Long
Fenton-like reactions at near neutral pHs are limited by the slow reduction of ferric species. Enhancing generation of from solid peroxides is a promising strategy to accelerate the rate-limiting step. Herein, the H2O2 release and Fenton-like reactions of four solid peroxides, MgO2, CaO2, ZnO2 and urea hydrogen peroxide (UHP), were investigated. Results indicated that UHP can release H2O2 instantly and show a similar behavior as H2O2 in the Fenton-like reactions. MgO2 released H2O2 quickly in phosphate buffered solutions, which was comparable to CaO2 but faster than ZnO2. Metal peroxides induced higher initial phenol degradation rates than UHP and H2O2 when the same theoretic H2O2 dosages and Fe(III)-EDTA were used. MgO2 displayed a superior performance for phenol degradation at pH 5, resulting in more than 93% phenol reduction at 1.5 h. According to kinetic analyses, the generation rate of in the MgO2 system was 18 and 3.4 times higher than those in ZnO2 and CaO2 systems, respectively. The addition of MgO2 significantly promoted H2O2 based Fenton-like reactions by increasing production of , and the mixture of MgO2 and H2O2 had an improved utilization efficiency of active oxygen than the MgO2 system. The findings suggested the critical roles of metal peroxides in favoring Fenton-like reactions and inspired strategies to simultaneously accelerate Fenton-like reactions and improve utilization efficiency of active oxygen.