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Cloning of quantum entanglement
Physical Review Letters ( IF 8.385 ) Pub Date : 
Li-Chao Peng; Dian Wu; Han-Sen Zhong; Yi-Han Luo; Yuan Li; Yi Hu; Xiao Jiang; Ming-Cheng Chen; Li Li; Nai-Le Liu; Kae Nemoto; Williamn J. Munro; Barry C. Sanders; Chao-Yang Lu; Jian-Wei Pan

Quantum no-cloning, the impossibility of perfectly cloning an arbitrary unknown quantum state, is one of the most fundamental limitations due to the laws of quantum mechanics, which underpin the physical security of quantum key distribution. Quantum physics does allow, however, approximate cloning with either imperfect state fidelity and/or probabilistic success. Whereas approximate quantum cloning of single-particle states has been tested previously, experimental cloning of quantum entanglement – a highly non-classical correlation – remained unexplored. Based on a multiphoton linear optics platform, we demonstrate quantum cloning of two-photon entangled states for the first time. Remarkably our results show that one maximally entangled photon pair can be broadcast into two entangled pairs, both with state fidelities above 50%. Our results are a key step towards cloning of complex quantum systems, and are likely to provide new insights into quantum entanglement.
更新日期:2020-10-15

 

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