Chemosphere ( IF 5.778 ) Pub Date : 2020-10-10 , DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.128593 I. Neelakanta Reddy; L. Veeranjaneya Reddy; N. Jayashree; Ch. Venkata Reddy; Migyung Cho; Dongseob Kim; Jaesool Shim
Bulk graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) exhibits limited water splitting efficiency due todrawbacks including high charge recombination rate, low electrical conductivity, poor quantum efficiency, and few adsorption and active catalytic sites. Herein, we report V-doped g-C3N4 nanoarchitectures prepared via direct calcination of urea and ammonium metavanadate. The obtained V-doped g-C3N4 nanostructures not only improved the visible light absorption property but also increased the charge separation and transportation, resulting in extremely enhanced water splitting activity. The structural, morphological, and optical analysis results confirmed the successful incorporation of V into the host g-C3N4 material, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements revealed the charge carrier dynamics. Compared to the pristine g-C3N4 photoelectrode, the optimized 0.3 mol% V-doped g-C3N4 photoelectrode showed a considerably higher photocurrent density (0.80 mA cm-2). The enhancement of the catalytic performance could be attributed to the synergistic effects of prolonged light absorption, improved transfer of electrons and holes, and extra active catalytic sites for water splitting. Further, the optimized 0.3 mol% V-doped g-C3N4 sample showed an antibacterial activity higher than that of the undoped photocatalyst.