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Critical theory of non-Fermi liquid fixed point in multipolar Kondo problem
Physical Review X ( IF 12.577 ) Pub Date : 
Adarsh S. Patri; Yong Baek Kim

When the ground state of a localized ion is a non-Kramers doublet, such localized ions may carry multipolar moments. For example, Pr3+ ions in a cubic environment would possess quadrupolar and octupolar, but no magnetic dipole, moments. When such multipolar moments are placed in a metallic host, unusual interactions between these local moments and conduction electrons arise, in contrast to the familiar magnetic dipole interactions in the classic Kondo problem. In this work, we consider the interaction between a single quadrupolar-octupolar local moment and conduction electrons with p-orbital symmetry as a concrete model for the multipolar Kondo problem. We show that this model can be written most naturally in the spin-orbital entangled basis of conduction electrons. Using this basis, the perturbative renormalization group (RG) fixed points are readily identified. There are two kinds of fixed points, one for the two-channel Kondo and the other for a novel fixed point. We investigate the nature of the novel fixed point non-perturbatively using non-abelian bosonization, current algebra and conformal field theory approaches. It is shown that the novel fixed point leads to a, previously unidentified, non-Fermi liquid state with entangled spin and orbital degrees of freedom, which shows resistivity ρTΔ and diverging specific heat coefficient C/TT1+2Δ with Δ=1/5. Our results open up the possibility of myriads of non-Fermi liquid states, depending on the choices of multipolar moments and conduction electron orbitals, which would be relevant for many rare-earth metallic systems.
更新日期:2020-09-15

 

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