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Hyperuniform Monocrystalline Structures by Spinodal Solid-State Dewetting
Physical Review Letters ( IF 8.385 ) Pub Date : 2020-09-15 , DOI: 10.1103/physrevlett.125.126101
Marco Salvalaglio; Mohammed Bouabdellaoui; Monica Bollani; Abdennacer Benali; Luc Favre; Jean-Benoit Claude; Jerome Wenger; Pietro de Anna; Francesca Intonti; Axel Voigt; Marco Abbarchi

Materials featuring anomalous suppression of density fluctuations over large length scales are emerging systems known as disordered hyperuniform. The underlying hidden order renders them appealing for several applications, such as light management and topologically protected electronic states. These applications require scalable fabrication, which is hard to achieve with available top-down approaches. Theoretically, it is known that spinodal decomposition can lead to disordered hyperuniform architectures. Spontaneous formation of stable patterns could thus be a viable path for the bottom-up fabrication of these materials. Here, we show that monocrystalline semiconductor-based structures, in particular Si1xGex layers deposited on silicon-on-insulator substrates, can undergo spinodal solid-state dewetting featuring correlated disorder with an effective hyperuniform character. Nano- to micrometric sized structures targeting specific morphologies and hyperuniform character can be obtained, proving the generality of the approach and paving the way for technological applications of disordered hyperuniform metamaterials. Phase-field simulations explain the underlying nonlinear dynamics and the physical origin of the emerging patterns.
更新日期:2020-09-15

 

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