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Correspondence between Winding Numbers and Skin Modes in Non-Hermitian Systems
Physical Review Letters ( IF 8.385 ) Pub Date : 2020-09-15 , DOI: 10.1103/physrevlett.125.126402
Kai Zhang; Zhesen Yang; Chen Fang

We establish exact relations between the winding of “energy” (eigenvalue of Hamiltonian) on the complex plane as momentum traverses the Brillouin zone with periodic boundary condition, and the presence of “skin modes” with open boundary conditions in non-Hermitian systems. We show that the nonzero winding with respect to any complex reference energy leads to the presence of skin modes, and vice versa. We also show that both the nonzero winding and the presence of skin modes share the common physical origin that is the nonvanishing current through the system.
更新日期:2020-09-15

 

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