Journal of Hazardous Materials ( IF 9.038 ) Pub Date : 2020-09-15 , DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.123967 Bin Lyu; Xu Guo; Dangge Gao; Mengnan Kou; Yajin Yu; Jianzhong Ma; Shaowei Chen; Hao Wang; Ying Zhang; Xin Bao
Lead-halide perovskite nanocrystals (NCs) are limited in commercial applications due to their high lead content. Developing lead-free perovskite NCs becomes a new choice. Among them, the tin-halide perovskite NCs exhibit the excellent photoelectric conversion efficiency, but has worse stability. Herein we describe an effective approach to the preparation of highly-stable all-inorganic tin-based perovskite NCs by using gelatin via interfacial passivation and coating, which leads to the retention of 77.46% of photoluminescence intensity even after the dispersion of the NCs in water for 3 d. The results show that gelatin form a “rich ligand” state on NC surface, such as amino-Sn, carboxylate-Sn and halogen-ammonium hydrogen-bonding interactions. The amino-Sn coordination would be replaced by carboxylate-Sn coordination when NCs are dispersed in polar-media. Meanwhile, gelatin is imparted excellent anti-mildew properties by NCs, which ensures long-lasting effect to NCs. This will promote the stability and sustainable development of the perovskite device.