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Collisions of three-component vector solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates
Physical Review Letters ( IF 8.385 ) Pub Date : 
Stefan Lannig; Christian-Marcel Schmied; Maximilian Prüfer; Philipp Kunkel; Robin Strohmaier; Helmut Strobel; Thomas Gasenzer; Panayotis G. Kevrekidis; Markus K. Oberthaler

Ultracold gases provide an unprecedented level of control for the investigation of soliton dynamics and collisions. We present a scheme for deterministically preparing pairs of three-component solitons in a Bose-Einstein condensate. Our method is based on local spin rotations which simultaneously imprint suitable phase and density distributions. This enables us to observe striking collisional properties of the vector degree of freedom which naturally arises for the coherent nature of the emerging multi-component solitons. We find that the solitonic properties in the quasi-one-dimensional system are quantitatively described by the integrable repulsive three-component Manakov model.
更新日期:2020-09-14

 

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