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Quantification of nanoscale density fluctuations in hydrogenated amorphous silicon
Physical Review Letters ( IF 8.385 ) Pub Date : 
Eike Gericke; Jimmy Melskens; Robert Wendt; Markus Wollgarten; Armin Hoell; Klaus Lips

The nanostructure of hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a Si:H) is studied by a combination of small-angle X-ray (SAXS) and neutron scattering (SANS) with a spatial resolution of 0.8 nm. The a-Si:H materials were deposited using a range of widely varied conditions and are representative for this class of materials. We identify two different phases which are embedded in the a-Si:H matrix and quantified both according to their scattering cross-sections. First, 1.2 nm sized voids (multivacancies with more than 10 missing atoms) which form a superlattice with 1.6 nm void-to-void distance are detected. The voids are found in concentrations as high as 6*10^19 cm^-3 in a-Si:H material that is deposited at a high rate. Second, dense ordered domains (DOD) that are depleted of hydrogen with 1 nm average diameter are found. The DOD tend to form 10-15 nm sized aggregates and are largely found in all a-Si:H materials considered here. These quantitative findings make it possible to understand the complex correlation between structure and electronic properties of a-Si:H and directly link them to the light-induced formation of defects. Finally, a structural model is derived, which verifies theoretical predictions about the nanostructure of a-Si:H.
更新日期:2020-09-14

 

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