当前位置: X-MOL 学术Geochemistry, Geophys. Geosystems › 论文详情
Slow Stick‐Slip Failure in Halite Gouge Caused by Brittle‐Plastic Fault Heterogeneity
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems ( IF 3.275 ) Pub Date : 2020-08-07 , DOI: 10.1029/2020gc009165
Ken‐ichi Hirauchi; Yoshiaki Yoshida; Yasuo Yabe; Jun Muto

Slow earthquakes, including low‐frequency earthquakes and tremor, occur in the brittle‐ductile (plastic) transition zone on plate boundary faults. To understand how transitions in deformation mechanisms can influence seismic behavior, we conducted stick‐slip experiments on halite gouge at normal stresses (σn) of 8 to 113 MPa. In the brittle regime (σn ≤ 18 MPa), the halite gouge showed fast and regular stick‐slip associated with velocity‐weakening behavior. In contrast, increasing the normal stress within the semibrittle regime (σn ≥ 27 MPa) led to a significant decrease in slip velocity and stress drop, which was associated with a transition from velocity‐weakening to velocity‐strengthening behavior. Local stress measurements along the simulated faults, made using strain gauges, revealed that the critical nucleation length (Lc) increased with increasing normal stress. Macrostructural and microstructural observations showed that the transition from fast dynamic slip to slow quasi‐static slip could be attributed to an increasing contribution from semibrittle/plastic deformation occurring within domains that are heterogeneously distributed within the gouge layer. Our findings suggest that brittle‐plastic fault heterogeneity, which may be generated by spatial variations in pore fluid pressure and/or lithology, contributes to the emergence of slow earthquakes.
更新日期:2020-09-15

 

全部期刊列表>>
《自然》编辑与您分享如何成为优质审稿人-信息流
物理学研究前沿热点精选期刊推荐
科研绘图
欢迎报名注册2020量子在线大会
化学领域亟待解决的问题
材料学研究精选新
GIANT
自然职场线上招聘会
ACS ES&T Engineering
ACS ES&T Water
屿渡论文,编辑服务
阿拉丁试剂right
张晓晨
田蕾蕾
李闯创
刘天飞
隐藏1h前已浏览文章
课题组网站
新版X-MOL期刊搜索和高级搜索功能介绍
ACS材料视界
天合科研
x-mol收录
X-MOL
清华大学
廖矿标
陈永胜
试剂库存
down
wechat
bug