Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics ( IF 2.322 ) Pub Date : 2020-08-06 , DOI: 10.1177/1074248420947633 Angelo Silverio,Rossella Maria Benvenga,Federico Piscione,Michele M Gulizia,Jennifer M T A Meessen,Furio Colivicchi,Federico Nardi,Cesare Baldi,Gennaro Galasso,Carmine Vecchione,Andrea Di Lenarda,Domenico Gabrielli,Leonardo De Luca
There is an incomplete understanding of the prevalence and predictors of attainment of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) goal after myocardial infarction (MI).
To evaluate the prevalence of achievement of LDL-C goal of 70 mg/dL, to identify the baseline features associated with suboptimal lipid control, and to assess the use of LDL-C-lowering drug therapies (LLT) beyond the first year after MI.
The EYESHOT Post-MI was a prospective, cross-sectional, Italian registry, which enrolled patients presenting to cardiologist 1 to 3 years after MI. In this retrospective post-hoc analysis, patients were categorized in 2 groups according to the achievement or not of the LDL-C goal of 70 mg/dL. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the baseline features associate with LDL-C≥70 mg/dL.
The study population included 903 patients (mean age 65.5 ± 11.5 years). Among them, LDL-C was ≥70 mg/dL in 474 (52.5%). Male sex (p = 0.031), hypertension (p = 0.024), prior percutaneous coronary intervention (p = 0.016) and high education level (p = 0.008) were higher in the LDL-C < 70 group. At multivariable analysis, low education level was an independent predictor of LDL-C≥70 mg/dL (OR:1.582; 95%CI, 1.156-2.165; p = 0.004). Conversely, hypertension increased the probability to achieve the LDL-C goal (OR:0.650; 95%CI, 0.443-0.954; p = 0.028). Among off-target patients, LLT was not modified in the majority of cases (67.3%), intensified in 85 (18.6%), and actually reduced in 63 patients (13.8%).
In patients presenting to cardiologists 1 to 3 years from the last MI event, LDL-C is not under control in a large proportion of patients, particularly in those with a low education level or without hypertension. LLT is underused in this very-high-risk setting.