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Exciton-phonon interaction and relaxation times from first principles
Physical Review Letters ( IF 8.385 ) Pub Date : 
Hsiao-Yi Chen; Davide Sangalli; Marco Bernardi

Electron-phonon (e-ph) interactions are key to understanding the dynamics of electrons in materials, and can be modeled accurately from first-principles. However, when electrons and holes form Coulomb-bound states (excitons), quantifying their interactions and scattering processes with phonons remains an open challenge. Here we show a rigorous approach for computing exciton-phonon (ex-ph) interactions and the associated exciton dynamical processes from first principles. Starting from the ab initio Bethe-Salpeter equation, we derive expressions for the ex-ph matrix elements and relaxation times. We apply our method to bulk hexagonal boron nitride, for which we map the ex-ph relaxation times as a function of exciton momentum and energy, analyze the temperature and phonon-mode dependence of the ex-ph scattering processes, and accurately predict the phonon-assisted photoluminescence. The approach introduced in this work is general and provides a framework for investigating exciton dynamics in a wide range of materials.
更新日期:2020-08-01

 

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