Ain Shams Engineering Journal ( IF 1.949 ) Pub Date : 2020-07-31 , DOI: 10.1016/j.asej.2020.07.002 Hazem M. Nour Afify; Mohammed A.M. Alhefnawi; Mohamad J. Istanbouli; Aymen H. Alsayed; Zeinab A. Abd ElGhaffar Elmoghazy
The utilization of physical models is a teaching strategy that has been compared to teaching based on sketching in design studios. This paper aims to determine the effectiveness of using physical models as a key instrument in first-year architecture design studios and as an alternative in cases of graphic sketching and 3D visualization deficiency. The paper adopts descriptive and analytical approaches in a specific case study, in which first-year architecture students were divided in the design studio among three different teaching strategies, namely: model-making, sketching and a blended strategy of both. Observations were validated on the basis of answers given by students to a brief questionnaire, investigating the extent to which they relied on models as supportive tools while designing and evaluating their projects. The results revealed that physical models play a significant role in the development of students’ performance throughout the entire process of project design.