Journal of South American Earth Sciences ( IF 1.704 ) Pub Date : 2020-08-01 , DOI: 10.1016/j.jsames.2020.102740 João Marinho Milhomem Neto; Jean Michel Lafon
The southeastern Guiana Shield, northern Amazonian Craton, is part of a Paleoproterozoic orogenic belt that was built up during the Transamazonian orogenic cycle (2.26–1.95 Ga). This cycle includes large segments of Rhyacian juvenile crust and some reworked Archean terranes. The geology in this region consists mainly of Paleoproterozoic granulitic-migmatitic-gneissic complexes, deformed and metamorphosed metavolcanic and metasedimentary rocks, and granitoids (granitic and TTG magmatism). Three tectonic domains are distinguished in the Brazilian territory of the southeastern Guiana Shield. They are known as the Amapá Block, Lourenço Domain, and Carecuru Domain. The Amapá Block is a Meso–Neoarchean continental block that was intensely reworked during the Transamazonian orogeny. The other two domains represent Rhyacian landmasses, the evolution of which involved several stages of subduction of oceanic lithosphere in magmatic arc environments. There are also relics of reworked Archean continental crust, the formation of which was followed by a collisional stage of tectonic accretion of the magmatic arcs. Whole-rock Sm–Nd and U–Pb zircon geochronology have confirmed the juvenile character of much of this Transamazonian orogenic belt. However, for the Lourenço and Carecuru domains, Nd isotopic signatures indicate the participation of Meso–Neoarchean crustal material in the sources of the magmatic rocks. Combined zircon U–Pb and Lu–Hf isotopic analyses by LA-ICP-MS were performed on eleven Rhyacian granitoids and orthogneisses from the Lourenço and Carecuru domains. The aim was to verify the extension of the influence of the Archean continental crust in the adjacent Paleoproterozoic domains. The main magmatic episodes were identified in the Lourenço Domain (∼2.17–2.18, 2.14 and 2.12–2.09 Ga) and Carecuru Domain (2.14 Ga) by U–Pb zircon geochronology. The Lu–Hf isotope data point to the predominance of crustal reworking processes (ƐHf(2.2–2.1 Ga) < 0; 67% of zircon crystals) during the formation of Lourenço and Carecuru domains. Hf model ages were found to be mostly Archean (98.4%), even for zircon grains that have positive ƐHf(2.2–2.1 Ga) values. For the terrane at the border of the Lourenço and Carecuru domains with the Amapá Block, assimilation of Archean crust of different ages and proportions in a magmatic arc environment accounts for the Hf–Nd isotopic signatures and Hf model ages of Rhyacian magmatism. In the northwestern part of the Lourenço Domain, more than 100 km north of the Amapá Block, the Hf–Nd isotopic signatures and Hf model ages indicate the participation of Archean crustal material, either as continental fragments and/or through incorporation of continental sediments in island arc environments, similar to what has been recorded for some Birimian terranes of the West African Craton in Ghana.