Journal of Hazardous Materials ( IF 9.038 ) Pub Date : 2020-08-01 , DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.123528 Ildiko Lung; Maria-Loredana Soran; Adina Stegarescu; Ocsana Opris; Simona Gutoiu; Cristian Leostean; Mihaela Diana Lazar; Irina Kacso; Teofil-Danut Silipas; Alin Sebastian Porav
The nanocomposite CNT-COOH/MnO2/Fe3O4 was synthesized and characterized by different techniques, namely X-ray diffraction, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller analysis, magnetic measurement, point of zero charge and hydrophobicity index. Analyzes revealed the groups -COOH, MnO2 and Fe3O4 attached to the carbon nanotubes, the acidic character of the obtained nanocomposite and its stability. The surface area for the obtained nanocomposite was 114.2 m2 g−1. The prepared nanocomposite was used for adsorption of ibuprofen and paracetamol from aqueous solution. Isotherm, kinetic and thermodynamic parameters were determined for predicting the ibuprofen and paracetamol adsorption on synthetized nanocomposite. The equilibrium data obtained from adsorption were well represented by Langmuir model and kinetics data were well fitted by the pseudo-second order model. The maximum adsorption capacity obtained for ibuprofen and paracetamol was 103.093 mg g−1, 80.645 mg g−1 respectively. The thermodynamic analysis showed that the adsorption process for both pollutants was spontaneous and endothermic. The synthetized nanocomposite can be a suitable new absorbent for ibuprofen and paracetamol removal from aqueous solutions due to its high adsorbing capacity and it can be separated by an external magnetic field.