Chemosphere ( IF 5.778 ) Pub Date : 2020-08-01 , DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.127772 Bo-Ren Wang; Hans-Uwe Dahms; Meng-Chun Wu; Nian-Jhen Jhuo; Chi-Ying Hsieh
This study utilized the freshwater amphipod (Hyalella azteca) for the indication of contamination risk levels of sediment-associated contaminants in the Erren (ER1∼ER10) and Sanye Rivers (SY1∼SY5) which were contaminated by metal scrap and smelting industries for decades. Toxicity identification evaluations involving the manipulation of pore water and whole-sediment samples were conducted to identify causative pollutants. Impacts on the aquatic environment were then evaluated in order to explore how industrial development led to contaminant accumulation in sediments and resulted in biological effects. A whole-sediment TIE indicated that the major toxicant at sampling sites ER8 and SY5 was ammonia and that its toxicity was significantly reduced by the addition of zeolite. Toxicity at sampling sites ER4 and ER9 was induced by ammonia and heavy metals (Zn, Cd, Cr, As), whereas Cr was at toxic levels at ER6. ∑PAHs was another major class of contaminants at site ER2. Metals (Zn, Ni, Pb, Cd, Cr, and As) were identified as major toxic contaminants at three sites (ER3, SY1, and SY3). The application of TIEs confirmed that a causative toxicant can be identified and that its measured toxicity correlated with its concentration. In conclusion, a TIE approach was successful in demarcating most effective contaminant groups (ammonia, heavy metals, and non-polar organic compounds) in whole-sediment cores, their porewaters and potential toxicities from a highly polluted river after remediation in southern Taiwan to an invertebrate animal model H. azteca.