当前位置: X-MOL 学术Science › 论文详情
Boosted molecular mobility during common chemical reactions
Science ( IF 41.845 ) Pub Date : 2020-07-31 , DOI: 10.1126/science.aba8425
Huan Wang, Myeonggon Park, Ruoyu Dong, Junyoung Kim, Yoon-Kyoung Cho, Tsvi Tlusty, Steve Granick

Mobility of reactants and nearby solvent is more rapid than Brownian diffusion during several common chemical reactions when the energy release rate exceeds a threshold. Screening a family of 15 organic chemical reactions, we demonstrate the largest boost for catalyzed bimolecular reactions, click chemistry, ring-opening metathesis polymerization, and Sonogashira coupling. Boosted diffusion is also observed but to lesser extent for the uncatalyzed Diels-Alder reaction, but not for substitution reactions SN1 and SN2 within instrumental resolution. Diffusion coefficient increases as measured by pulsed-field gradient nuclear magnetic resonance, whereas in microfluidics experiments, molecules in reaction gradients migrate “uphill” in the direction of lesser diffusivity. This microscopic consumption of energy by chemical reactions transduced into mechanical motion presents a form of active matter.

更新日期:2020-07-31

 

全部期刊列表>>
施普林格自然
欢迎访问IOP中国网站
GIANT
自然科研线上培训服务
ACS ES&T Engineering
自然职场线上招聘会
ACS ES&T Water
产业、创新与基础设施
材料学研究精选
胸腔和胸部成像专题
屿渡论文,编辑服务
何川
苏昭铭
陈刚
姜涛
李闯创
北大
刘立明
隐藏1h前已浏览文章
课题组网站
新版X-MOL期刊搜索和高级搜索功能介绍
ACS材料视界
天合科研
x-mol收录
上海纽约大学
曾林
天津大学
何振宇
史大永
吉林大学
卓春祥
张昊
杨中悦
试剂库存
down
wechat
bug