Environmental Research ( IF 5.715 ) Pub Date : 2020-07-25 , DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2020.109948 Mahmoud Mazarji; Tatiana Minkina; Svetlana Sushkova; Elena Antonenko; Saglara Mandzhieva; Tamara Dudnikova
In this study, the applicability of a modified Fenton reaction for remediation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was demonstrated in chernozem soil. The main aim was to investigate the impact of variation of humic acid (HA) on the modified Fenton capabilities to degrade of benzo(a)pyrene (BaP). Experimental was designed with two independent variables, including hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and hematite (α-Fe2O3), to determine the most effective BaP treatment conditions with exploring natural and an extra added amount of HA. For modified Fenton reaction at Haplic Chernozem, the best BaP degradation conditions resulted in an overall degradation of 68% with the following conditions: 0.95 M H2O2; 17.54 mg/g hematite; pH 7.8 without adjustment; 24 h; unsaturated (soil: water ratio 1:0.5). In the soil supplemented with 1% HA, Fenton-like reaction was found to perform better and resulted in 76% BaP degradation with less amount of hematite dosage (16.71 mg). The fact that HA, a significant class of naturally occurring compounds in soil, supports the Fenton reaction has strong relevance in the field of enhancing PAHs degradation field to obtain a more economical route.