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Evolution of brittle structures in plagioclase‐rich rocks at high‐pressure and high‐temperature conditions – Linking laboratory results to field observations
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems ( IF 3.275 ) Pub Date : 2020-06-29 , DOI: 10.1029/2020gc009028
Sarah Incel; Jörg Renner; Bjørn Jamtveit

Plagioclase‐rich granulites exposed on the Lofoten archipelago, N Norway, display strain localization in pseudotachylytes as well as ductile shear zones that formed under similar high‐pressure and high‐temperature conditions. Pseudotachylytes or pseudotachylyte networks reveal no or very little hydration whereas ductile shear zones reveal significant hydration. We combine these observations from the field with experimental results to characterize the structural evolution of brittle faults in plagioclase‐rich rocks at conditions of the lower continental crust. We performed a series of deformation experiments on intact granulite samples prepared from a natural granulite sample at 2.5 GPa confining pressure, a strain rate of 5×10‐5 s‐1, and temperatures of 700 and 900 °C to total strains of ~7‐8 % and ~33‐36 %. Samples were either deformed ‘as‐is’ or with ~1 wt.% H2O added. Striking similarities between the experimental and natural microstructures suggest that the transformation of precursory brittle structures into ductile shear zones at eclogite‐facies conditions is most effective in samples deformed with added water triggering reaction and subsequent plastic deformation of the products along the faults and in the adjacent wall‐rock.
更新日期:2020-06-29

 

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