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Antibiotic resistance genes, bacterial communities, and functions in constructed wetland-microbial fuel cells: Responses to the co-stresses of antibiotics and zinc
Environmental Pollution ( IF 6.792 ) Pub Date : 2020-06-23 , DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2020.115084
Hua Li; Han Xu; Hai-Liang Song; Yi Lu; Xiao-Li Yang

The effects of the continuous accumulation of Zinc (Zn) on the fate of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in constructed wetland-microbial fuel cells (CW-MFCs) remain unclear. In this study, the impacts of Zn addition and a circuit mode on antibiotic removal, occurrence of ARGs, the bacterial community, and bacterial functions were investigated in three groups of CW-MFCs. The results showed that continuous Zn exposure enriched the target ARGs during the initial stage, while excessive Zn accumulation decreased antibiotic removal and the abundance of ARGs. A principal component analysis demonstrated that ARGs and the bacterial community distribution characteristics were significantly impacted by the mass accumulation of antibiotics and Zn, as well as the circuit mode. A redundancy analysis, partial least squares path modeling, and Procrustes analysis revealed that the accumulation of antibiotics and Zn, the composition of the bacterial community, the circuit mode, and the abundance of intI associated with horizontal gene transfer jointly contributed to the distributions of ARGs in the electrodes and effluent. Moreover, continuous exposure to Zn decreased the bacterial diversity and changed the composition and function of the bacterial community predicted using PICRUSt tool. The co-occurrence of ARGs, their potential hosts and bacterial functions were further revealed using a network analysis. A variation partition analysis also showed that the accumulation of target pollutants and the circuit mode had a significant impact on the bacterial community composition and functions. Therefore, the interaction among ARGs, the bacterial community, bacterial functions, and pollutant accumulations in the CW-MFC was complex. This study provides useful implications for the application of CW-MFCs for the treatment of wastewater contaminated with antibiotics and heavy metals.
更新日期:2020-06-29

 

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