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Local stress perturbations associated with the 2008 Wenchuan M 8.0 earthquake near the Longmenshan fault zone in the eastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau
Journal of Asian Earth Sciences ( IF 3.059 ) Pub Date : 2020-06-04 , DOI: 10.1016/j.jseaes.2020.104429
Chengjun Feng; Yihai Yang; Xiaodong Ma; Bangshen Qi; Peng Zhang; Jing Meng; Chengxuan Tan; Qunce Chen

The 2008 Wenchuan M 8.0 earthquake induced local stress perturbations near the Longmenshan (LMS) fault zone. Using in situ measurements and stress tensor inversions from focal mechanisms, we investigated the post-earthquake perturbed stress field at shallow depths (≤1.2 km), in the upper crust above a basal attachment (∼ 5–18 km) as well as in the middle crust beneath a basal attachment (∼ 19–32 km). At shallow depths in the Beichuan-Jiangyou section, the maximum principal stress (σ1) orientations changed from a pre-earthquake orientation of NWW to a post-earthquake orientation of NEE. However, near the Baoxing-An'xian and Qingchuan-Mianxian sections, the pre-earthquake σ1 orientation of NW-NWW was largely unaltered. Before the mainshock, in the upper crust above the basal detachment, the entire LMS fault zone exhibited a consistent σ1 orientation of NW-NWW. However, after the earthquake, some sections, such as the Beichuan-Nanba section, achieved σ1 orientations of NEE that were distinctly different from the pre-seismic stress field. In the middle crust beneath the basal detachment, the stress field was mostly unchanged. The crust beneath the basal detachment, along the eastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau, is dominated by NWW-oriented maximum principle stress and strain directions and a thrust faulting stress regime along the entire LMS fault zone; these observations are representative of the southeastward motion of the Bayan Har block and its ongoing collision with the South China block along the LMS thrust belt. The spatially heterogeneous stress field that occurred in the upper crust (≤18 km) after the mainshock was most likely caused by the co-seismic static stress changes associated with the Wenchuan earthquake. Prior to the onset of seismic activity, the deviatoric stress magnitudes were estimated at less than 22 MPa and 4 MPa at depths of 10 km and 20 km, respectively, suggesting that the mainshock fault zone has a relatively low fault strength to overcome, in order to initiate significant co-seismic rupture and aftershocks, especially in the crust beneath the basal detachment. These smaller deviatoric magnitudes are indicative of the weaker fault materials that resides in the LMS region.
更新日期:2020-06-04

 

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