Psychonomic Bulletin & Review ( IF 3.910 ) Pub Date : 2020-06-04 , DOI: 10.3758/s13423-020-01755-2 Elizabeth Cox,Catherine M Sabiston,April Karlinsky,Joseph Manzone,Heather F Neyedli,Timothy N Welsh
The type of clothing worn, revealing versus concealing, can affect the performance of women on cognitive tasks. This difference in performance may arise because of changes in body awareness that may draw cognitive resources from the goal task. The present study investigated the influence of the style of athletic clothing and body awareness on visual-motor performance in women. Participants (women ages 18–35 years) were randomly assigned to wear tight and revealing (TR group, n = 40) or loose and concealing (LC group, n = 40) athletic clothing. All participants completed the same visual-motor aiming task to assess spatiotemporal measures of motor performance. In addition to the clothing, participants were primed to be conscious of their bodies via measurements of height, weight, and waist circumference; photographs taken of their bodies; a computerized body-size distortion task; and a mirror in the testing chamber. Results revealed that the TR group had increased movement time variability and did not show performance improvements relative to the LC group. These differences suggest that style of clothing may influence motor performance in women by reallocating cognitive resources towards the body and away from the motor task at hand. This research highlights the interactions between cognitive and motor processes and, potentially, the importance of considering the impact of clothing on performance in many different contexts.
所穿衣服的类型（显露还是隐蔽）会影响女性在认知任务中的表现。表现上的这种差异可能是由于身体意识的改变而引起的，这些改变可能会从目标任务中获取认知资源。本研究调查了运动服的风格和身体意识对女性视觉运动性能的影响。参与者（年龄在18-35岁之间）被随机分配为穿着紧身且露骨（TR组，n = 40）或宽松而隐蔽（LC组，n= 40）运动服。所有参与者都完成了相同的视觉运动瞄准任务，以评估运动表现的时空测量。除了衣服之外，还可以通过测量身高，体重和腰围来使参与者意识到自己的身体。拍摄的尸体照片；计算机化的人体尺寸畸变任务；在测试室里还有一面镜子。结果显示，TR组的运动时间可变性增加，相对于LC组没有表现出改善。这些差异表明，着装风格可能会通过将认知资源重新分配给身体并远离手头的运动任务来影响女性的运动能力。这项研究突出了认知和运动过程之间的相互作用，并有可能