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Dual C-Cl Isotope Analysis for Characterizing the Reductive Dechlorination of α- and γ- Hexachlorocyclohexane by Two Dehalococcoides mccartyi strains and an Enrichment culture.
Environmental Science & Technology ( IF 7.149 ) Pub Date : 2020-05-22 , DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.9b06407
Yaqing Liu,Jia Liu,Julian Renpenning,Ivonne Nijenhuis,Hans Hermann Richnow

Hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs) are persistent organic contaminants that threaten human health. Microbial reductive dehalogenation is one of the most important attenuation processes in contaminated environments. This study investigated carbon and chlorine isotope fractionation of α- and γ- HCH during the reductive dehalogenation by three anaerobic cultures. The presence of tetrachlorocyclohexene (TeCCH) indicated that reductive dichloroelimination was the first step of bond cleavage. Isotope enrichment factors (εC and εCl) were derived from the transformation of γ-HCH (εC, from 4.0 ± 0.5 to 4.4 ± 0.6 ‰; εCl, from 2.9 ± 0.4 to 3.3 ± 0.4 ‰) and α-HCH (εC, from 2.4 ± 0.2 to 3.0 ± 0.4 ‰; εCl, from 1.4 ± 0.3 to 1.8 ± 0.2 ‰). During α-HCH transformation, no enantioselectivity was observed, and similar εc were obtained for both enantiomers. The correlation of 13C and 37Cl fractionation (ᴧ=Δδ13C /Δδ37Cl≈ εC/εCl) of γ-HCH (from 1.1 ± 0.3 to 1.2 ± 0.1) indicates similar bond cleavage during the dichloroelimination by the three cultures, similar for α-HCH (1.7 ± 0.2 to 2.0 ± 0.3). The different isotope fractionation patterns during dichloroelimination and dehydrochlorination indicates that dual-element stable isotope analysis potentially can be used to evaluate HCH transformation pathways at contaminated field sites.
更新日期:2020-05-22

 

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