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Velocity Distribution of a Homogeneously Cooling Granular Gas
Physical Review Letters ( IF 9.227 ) Pub Date : 2020-05-22 , DOI: 10.1103/physrevlett.124.208007
Peidong Yu; Matthias Schröter; Matthias Sperl

In contrast to molecular gases, granular gases are characterized by inelastic collisions and require therefore permanent driving to maintain a constant kinetic energy. The kinetic theory of granular gases describes how the average velocity of the particles decreases after the driving is shut off. Moreover, it predicts that the rescaled particle velocity distribution will approach a stationary state with overpopulated high-velocity tails as compared to the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution. While this fundamental theoretical result was reproduced by numerical simulations, an experimental confirmation is still missing. Using a microgravity experiment that allows the spatially homogeneous excitation of spheres via magnetic fields, we confirm the theoretically predicted exponential decay of the tails of the velocity distribution.
更新日期:2020-05-22

 

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