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Pseudomonas fluorescens accelerates a reverse and long-distance transport of cadmium and sucrose in the hyperaccumulator plant Sedum alfredii
Chemosphere ( IF 5.108 ) Pub Date : 2020-05-22 , DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.127156
Yingjie Wu; Luyao Ma; Qizhen Liu; Olivera Topalovic; Qiong Wang; Xiaoe Yang; Ying Feng

Plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) can promote root uptake and shoot accumulation of cadmium (Cd) in hyperaccumulator plants, but the mechanisms by which PGPB accelerate root-to-shoot transport of Cd is still unknown. A better understanding of these mechanisms is necessary to develop the strategies that can promote the practical phytoextraction of Cd-polluted soils. In this study, we found that Pseudomonas fluorescens accelerates a reversed and a long-distance transport of Cd and sucrose in Sedum alfredii, by examining the xylem and phloem sap and by quantifying the concentrations of Cd and sucrose in shoot and root. The transcriptome sequencing has revealed the up-regulated expressions of starch metabolism and sucrose biosynthesis related genes in the shoots of Cd hyperaccumulator plant S. alfredii that was inoculated with PGPB P. fluorescens. In addition, the genes of sugar, cation and anion transporters were also up-regulated by bacterial treatment, showing a complicated co-expression network with sucrose biosynthesis related genes. The expression levels of Cd transporter genes, such as ZIP1, ZIP2, HMA2, HMA3 and CAX2, were elevated after PGPB inoculation. As a result, the PGPB successfully colonized the root, and promoted the sucrose shoot-to-root transport and Cd root-to-shoot transport in S. alfredii. Since non-photosynthetic root-associated bacteria usually obtain sugars from photosynthetic plants, our results highlight the importance of PGPB-induced changes in hyperaccumlator plants for both the host and the PGPB.
更新日期:2020-05-22

 

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