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Evolution of internal solitary waves on the slope-shelf topography in the northern South China Sea
Ocean Dynamics ( IF 1.887 ) Pub Date : 2020-03-21 , DOI: 10.1007/s10236-020-01357-5
Shuya Wang, Jing Meng, Qun Li, Xu Chen

Based on a non-hydrostatic two-dimensional and high-resolution model, evolution of internal solitary waves (ISWs) on the typical slope-shelf topography in the northern South China Sea is investigated numerically, and the influences of the initial amplitude, seasonal stratification and topographic characteristics are analyzed with a series of sensitivity runs. The results indicate that the initial amplitude affects the fission of ISW, resulting in three wave groups for large ISW and two wave groups for small ISW. In addition, the generation of mode-2 waves is influenced since energetic beams are engendered by large initial ISW, which impact the pycnocline and generate the mode-2 ISWs. Seasonal stratification has significant impacts on the evolution of the ISW. In winter, the changing sign of the nonlinearity coefficient at the bump near the shelf break implies the inversion of polarity of the ISW. Therefore, the transmitted and fissioned waves behave differently from those in summer and annual stratifications. Furthermore, the speed and energy of the leading wave are minimal in winter but maximal in summer. The bump near the continental shelf has two impacts: promoting the fission of the incident ISW and generating mode-2 ISWs by increasing the Ursell number (the ratio of nonlinear coefficient to dispersion coefficient). However, the formation of the trailing nonlinear wave packet is not affected by these factors, despite of some differences in waveforms.
更新日期:2020-03-21

 

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