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Coherent optical clock down-conversion for microwave frequencies with 10-18 instability.
Science ( IF 41.037 ) Pub Date : 2020-05-22 , DOI: 10.1126/science.abb2473
Takuma Nakamura,Josue Davila-Rodriguez,Holly Leopardi,Jeff A Sherman,Tara M Fortier,Xiaojun Xie,Joe C Campbell,William F McGrew,Xiaogang Zhang,Youssef S Hassan,Daniele Nicolodi,Kyle Beloy,Andrew D Ludlow,Scott A Diddams,Franklyn Quinlan

Optical atomic clocks are poised to redefine the Système International (SI) second, thanks to stability and accuracy more than 100 times better than the current microwave atomic clock standard. However, the best optical clocks have not seen their performance transferred to the electronic domain, where radar, navigation, communications, and fundamental research rely on less stable microwave sources. By comparing two independent optical-to-electronic signal generators, we demonstrate a 10-gigahertz microwave signal with phase that exactly tracks that of the optical clock phase from which it is derived, yielding an absolute fractional frequency instability of 1 × 10-18 in the electronic domain. Such faithful reproduction of the optical clock phase expands the opportunities for optical clocks both technologically and scientifically for time dissemination, navigation, and long-baseline interferometric imaging.
更新日期:2020-05-21

 

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