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Simultaneous observation of nuclear and electronic dynamics by ultrafast electron diffraction.
Science ( IF 41.037 ) Pub Date : 2020-05-22 , DOI: 10.1126/science.abb2235
Jie Yang,Xiaolei Zhu,J Pedro F Nunes,Jimmy K Yu,Robert M Parrish,Thomas J A Wolf,Martin Centurion,Markus Gühr,Renkai Li,Yusong Liu,Bryan Moore,Mario Niebuhr,Suji Park,Xiaozhe Shen,Stephen Weathersby,Thomas Weinacht,Todd J Martinez,Xijie Wang

Simultaneous observation of nuclear and electronic motion is crucial for a complete understanding of molecular dynamics in excited electronic states. It is challenging for a single experiment to independently follow both electronic and nuclear dynamics at the same time. Here we show that ultrafast electron diffraction can be used to simultaneously record both electronic and nuclear dynamics in isolated pyridine molecules, naturally disentangling the two components. Electronic state changes (S1→S0 internal conversion) were reflected by a strong transient signal in small-angle inelastic scattering, and nuclear structural changes (ring puckering) were monitored by large-angle elastic diffraction. Supported by ab initio nonadiabatic molecular dynamics and diffraction simulations, our experiment provides a clear view of the interplay between electronic and nuclear dynamics of the photoexcited pyridine molecule.
更新日期:2020-05-21

 

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