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Developing infant gut microflora and complementary nutrition
Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand ( IF 0.862 ) Pub Date : 2020-02-06 , DOI: 10.1080/03036758.2020.1718716
Caroline C. Kim; Shanthi G. Parkar; Pramod K. Gopal

Human infants are born with sparse microflora in their gastrointestinal tracts. Acquisition of pioneer bacteria and their initial colonisation are affected by a number of factors, including mode of birth, feeding practices, exposure to antibiotics, and environmental conditions. Subsequent diversification and development of the microbiota continues dynamically until it reaches maturity when the infant is around 3 years old. An important window of opportunity to affect the structure of developing microflora is likely to coincide with the weaning period when a gradual transition in diet from milk-based infant feeding to first family-based solid foods occurs. Although the ability of many dietary factors to modulate the composition of gastrointestinal microflora is well established, it is not so well understood in children. Moreover, there are cultural, economic, varying feeding practices, and geographical factors that play roles in the choice of complementary foods in different regions of the world. We provide a review of recent literature on development of infant microflora and how complementary feeding practices from different cultures may affect the infant gut microbiota during early childhood.
更新日期:2020-02-06

 

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