当前位置: X-MOL 学术J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. › 论文详情
Snapshot of a magmatic/hydrothermal system from electrical resistivity tomography and fumarolic composition, Whakaari/White Island, New Zealand
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research ( IF 2.827 ) Pub Date : 2020-05-12 , DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2020.106909
Craig A. Miller; Bruce W. Christenson; Svetlana Byrdina; Jean Vandemeulebrouck; Thomas Brakenrig; Karen Britten; Jackson Shanks; Gabe Epstein

Combined interpretation of Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) data, with plume and fumarolic gas emissions provides a snapshot of the Whakaari/White Island hydrothermal system 11 months prior to an eruption on December 9, 2019. Two and three dimensional inversion of the ERT data images the F0 fumarole as a low resistivity (2–5 Ωm) feature reflecting the two-phase zone surrounding the single phase vapour conduit. Crucially, interpretation of the inversion images is well constrained by a large existing dataset of rock electrical properties, including surface conductivity, porosity and intrinsic formation factor, alongside new measurements of liquid phase electrical conductivity taken from a range of hot-springs on the island. Pore-filling liquids are an order of magnitude more conductive than sea-water with their low to very low pH (3.4 to −0.3) contributing to their extremely conductive nature. An extensive low-resistivity feature (0.2 Ωm) at ~125 m depth is therefore interpreted as a liquid saturated layer exposed to hydrothermal alteration by acid fluids. The intersection of the F0 fumarole trace with this layer is coincident with a previously determined source of deformation, suggesting that heat transport inside the fumarole conduit pressurises surrounding liquid and vapour filled pore space, generating the deformation signal. The timeseries of fumarolic and plume emissions in the year prior to the ERT survey show that the gases transported by the fumarole are a mixture of high temperature magmatic vapour and lower temperature gas equilibrated within the hydrothermal environment. Interpretation of the gas data suggests that the snapshot captured by the ERT image shows the single-phase vapour and two-phase vapour-liquid regions adjacent to the conduit were likely at close to their smallest extent, consisting of mostly hydrothermal derived gases.
更新日期:2020-05-12

 

全部期刊列表>>
材料学研究精选
Springer Nature Live 产业与创新线上学术论坛
胸腔和胸部成像专题
自然科研论文编辑服务
ACS ES&T Engineering
ACS ES&T Water
屿渡论文,编辑服务
杨超勇
周一歌
华东师范大学
段炼
清华大学
中科大
唐勇
跟Nature、Science文章学绘图
隐藏1h前已浏览文章
中洪博元
课题组网站
新版X-MOL期刊搜索和高级搜索功能介绍
ACS材料视界
x-mol收录
福州大学
南京大学
王杰
左智伟
电子显微学
何凤
洛杉矶分校
吴杰
赵延川
试剂库存
天合科研
down
wechat
bug