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The origin of low-MgO eclogite xenoliths from Obnazhennaya kimberlite, Siberian craton
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology ( IF 3.140 ) Pub Date : 2020-02-21 , DOI: 10.1007/s00410-020-1655-6
Jing Sun, Roberta L. Rudnick, Sergey Kostrovitsky, Tatiana Kalashnikova, Kouki Kitajima, Ranpeng Li, Qiao Shu

Abstract The petrology, mineral major and trace-element concentrations, and garnet oxygen isotopic composition of low-MgO (11–16 wt%) eclogites from the Obnazhennaya kimberlite, Siberian craton, are used to infer their petrogenesis. These eclogites contain two types of compositionally distinct garnet: granular coarse garnet, and garnet exsolution (lamellae and fine-grained garnet) in clinopyroxene. The former record higher temperatures at lower pressures than the latter, which record the last stage of equilibrium at moderate pressure–temperature conditions 2.3–3.7 GPa and 855–1095 °C in the upper mantle at the time of entrainment. Although derived from the garnet stability field, these rocks have low-pressure cumulate protoliths containing plagioclase, olivine, and clinopyroxene as reflected by pronounced positive Eu and Sr anomalies in all eclogites, and low heavy rare earth element (HREE) contents in both minerals and reconstructed bulk rocks for a number of samples. Major elements, transition metals, and the HREE compositions of the reconstructed whole rocks are analogous to modern oceanic gabbro cumulates. Despite geochemical signatures supporting an oceanic crust origin, mantle-like δ18O of the garnets (5.07–5.62‰) for most samples indicates that the protoliths either did not interact with seawater or have coincidently approximately normal igneous values. Some of the eclogite xenoliths have lower SiO2 contents and depleted light REE ((Nd/Yb)N < 1) compared to modern oceanic gabbros, suggesting that they experienced partial melting. Positively inclined middle to heavy REE patterns ((Dy/Yb)N < 1) of the reconstructed bulk rocks mostly result from repeated partial melting in the eclogite stability field, based on melting model calculations. We, therefore, suggest that the Obnazhennaya low-MgO eclogites may represent the gabbroic section of subducted or foundered basaltic crust that underwent continued partial melting processes at high pressures, where garnet was the main residual phase.
更新日期:2020-04-10

 

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